The History of Tie Kuanyin and Paochung Teas in Muzha
        As a precaution against continued conflicts between Taiwan’s indigenous peoples and early Chinese settlers, a fence of timber palings was erected around the right bank of the Jingmei River (near the modern Daonan Bridge) by the Chinese in 1743. This is the origin of the name Muzha (“wooden palings”), a suburb of Taipei City.
        The terrain and climate of the Zhinan area of Muzha and Anxi in Fujian province are quite similar, explaining why Chinese immigrants from Anxi chose this site to settle down. At the time, most people were from the Zhang clan, with some surnamed Liao, Zhou, Lin, and Gao, and they finally set roots here and picked up the farming techniques inherited from their ancestors. The hilly regions of the Zhinan area had formerly been used for growing oranges, sweet potatoes, paddy rice, and tea. With the rising economic importance of tea, much of the land was converted to cultivating tea bushes.
  There are as many as 30 or 40 varieties of tea in Muzha. They include traditional varieties transplanted from Fujian, such as Shuixian, Meizhan, Oolong, Wuyi (Bohea), and Ooqilan, as well as new ones developed later in Taiwan, such as Qingxin Oolong, Dah Yeh Oolong, Qingxin Damou, Yingzhi Hongxin, Jinxuan, and Cuiyu. Of course, the most famous is Tie Kuanyin tea.
  Tie Kuanyin tea of Muzha and Paochung tea of Wenshan are among the most popular today. In terms of both tea variety and production techniques, their roots trace back to the Wuyi and Anxi regions of China. Tie Kuanyin has its origins two hundred years ago among the pine-forested tops of Mt. Yaoyang. In 1895, tea master Zhang Naimiao brought twelve Tie kuanyin tea saplings to Taiwan and proceeded to cultivate them in the Zhanghu area of Muzha. Afterwards, he was employed as “Master Tea Inspector of the Taipei Department” for ten years, spreading his knowledge about the art of Paochung and Oolong tea with various people in the tea industry. At that time, the districts under the jurisdiction of the Wenshan prefecture included Muzha, Jingmei, Shenkeng, Shiding, Xindian, and Pinglin--hence the famous name today as “Paochung Tea of Wenshan”.
  In 1918, the Muzha Farmers’ Association was established.
  In 1919, the first tea company in Muzha--Muzha Tea Company--was established.
  On May 10, 1926, the Wenshan Tea Co., Ltd., was established on a larger scale. The director, Zhang Deming, engaged as factory head the services of tea master Zhang Naimiao, who made three trips to Wuyi and Anxi. Messrs. Zhang Futang and Zheng Zailai put up capital to purchase a thousand Tie Kuanyin tea saplings, most of which were planted in the hills behind Zhang Futang’s home, and a few among tea farmers.
  In 1953, the government promoted tea via the Farmers’ Association, resulting in improvement in the lives of tea farmers.
In 1980, former president Lee Teng-hui, when he was previously serving as mayor of Taipei, established the Muzha Sightseeing Tea Park, involving the cooperation of 53 tea farmers at the time. After 1990, the number of tea farmers in the cooperative venture was increased to 83, becoming the premier tourist tea park in Taiwan and bringing the Muzha tea industry to new heights.
In 1985, the Taipei City Department of Economic Development built the Taipei Tea Promotion Center for Tie Kuanyin and Paochung Tea. In 1994, a water and soil conservancy outdoor classroom was also established.
In 1995 , the Teamaster Chang Nai-miao Memorial Hall was founded, trying to promote Chinese tea culture as well as helping people to understand the history of how tiekuanyin tea was introduced to Taiwan.